A Diabetes diagnosis is a wake up call! Pick up the phone!
Hearing that you have Type 2 Diabetes or Insulin Resistance can come as a huge shock or it can feel like a huge weight has been lifted, depending on your symptoms and struggles. Either way, it will definitely change your current diet and exercise regimen. My friend struggled for years feeling “not quite right” and struggling with her weight. When her diagnosis of pre-diabetes brought on by Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome was found, she was elated to have answers - Finally! Now she knew the cause, she wasn’t crazy, she knew what she needed to do. I am happy to say she shed 40 pounds once she starting giving her body what it needed.
Diabetes is caused by a problem in the way your body makes or uses insulin. Insulin is needed to move blood sugar (glucose) into cells, where it is stored and later used for energy. When you have type 2 diabetes, the body does not respond correctly to insulin. This is called insulin resistance. Insulin resistance means that fat, liver, and muscle cells do not respond normally to insulin. As a result blood sugar does not get into cells to be stored for energy. When sugar cannot enter cells, abnormally high levels of sugar build up in the blood. This is called hyperglycemia. High levels of blood sugar often trigger the pancreas to produce more and more insulin, but it not enough to keep up with the body's demand.
People who are overweight are more likely to have insulin resistance, because fat interferes with the body's ability to use insulin. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs gradually. Most people with the disease are overweight at the time of diagnosis. However, type 2 diabetes can also develop in those who are thin, especially the elderly. Family history and genetics play a large role in type 2 diabetes. Low activity level, poor diet, and excess body weight (especially around the waist) significantly increase your risk for type 2 diabetes.
After a diagnosis, you must begin to view your body as an engine that requires a new formulation of fuel. Complex processed carbs and sugars cause your body to store glucose causing weight gain, lethargy, headaches, frequent urination, and an over all “not quite right” feeling. After many years, diabetes can lead to serious problems with your eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, blood vessels, and other areas in your body. If you have diabetes, your risk of a heart attack is the same as someone who has already had a heart attack. Both women and men with diabetes are at risk. You may not even have the typical signs of a heart attack.
Prevention starts with eating a balanced diet, getting the right types and amounts of foods and drinks to supply nutrition and energy for maintaining body cells, tissues, and organs, and for supporting normal growth and development. With a healthy diet consisting of fresh fruits and vegetables, lean meats, legumes and grains, etc. It is also important to add exercise like strength training, cardiovascular exercise and medications; If you suspect you may have diabetes, schedule an appointment with an Endocrinologist who can order the necessary blood tests. Under a physician’s care, you can control your blood sugars, feel good again and maintain a healthy weight.